Investigating the IPv6 Teredo Tunnelling Capability and Performance of Internet Clients
The Teredo auto-tunnelling protocol allows IPv6 hosts behind IPv4 NATs to communicate with other IPv6 hosts. It is enabled by default on Windows Vista and Windows 7. But Windows clients are self-constrained: if their only IPv6 access is Teredo, they are unable to resolve host names to IPv6 addresses. The authors use web-based measurements to investigate the (latent) Teredo capability of Internet clients, and the delay introduced by Teredo. They compare this with native IPv6 and 6to4 tunnelling capability and delay. They find that only 6 - 7% of connections are from fully IPv6-capable clients, but an additional 15 - 16% of connections are from clients that would be IPv6-capable if Windows Teredo was not constrained.