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Symmetric MultiProcessing (SMP) Virtual Machines (VMs) allow users to take advantage of a multiprocessor infrastructure. Despite the advantage, SMP VMs can cause synchronization latency to increase significantly, depending on task scheduling. In this paper, the authors show that even if a SMP VM runs non-concurrent applications, the synchronization latency problem can still occur due to synchronization in the VM kernel. Their experiments show that both of the widely used open source hypervisors, Xen and KVM, with the default schedulers are susceptible to the synchronization latency problem. To remediate this problem, previous works propose a co-scheduling solution where virtual CPUs (vCPUs) of a SMP VM are scheduled simultaneously.
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