Education

Is the Cheating Risk Always Higher in Online Instruction Compared to Face-to-Face Instruction?

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Executive Summary

This paper analyzes the exposure to cheating risk of online courses relative to face-to-face courses at a single institution. For a sample of 20 online courses the authors report that the cheating risk is higher than for equivalent face-to-face courses because of reliance on un-proctored multiple choice exams. The authors conclude that the combination of a proctored final exam, and strategic use cheating deterrents in the administration of un-proctored multiple choice exams, would significantly reduce the cheating risk differential without substantially altering the assessment design of online instruction.

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