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In this paper, a joint carrier synchronization and equalization algorithm is proposed for OFDM systems in the tracking stage. Significantly, the carrier synchronization scheme is a dual-loop, which is composed of an outer and an inner loops, with the multi-rate processing to eliminate the carrier frequency offset and the channel phase variation. In addition, the gain equalization loop is employed to compensate the magnitude distortion on each subchannel in the frequency domain. Based on MMSE criterion, the cost function of the joint algorithm is presented to minimize the decision error on each subchannel and, further, lower the uncoded BER concurrently.
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