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Joint Localization and Clock Synchronization for Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

A fully-asynchronous network with one target sensor and a few anchors (nodes with known locations) is considered. Localization and synchronization are traditionally treated as two separate problems. In this paper, localization and synchronization is studied under a unified framework. The authors present a new model in which time-stamps obtained either via two-way communication between the nodes or with a broadcast based protocol can be used in a simple estimator based on least-squares (LS) to jointly estimate the position of the target node as well as all the unknown clock-skews and clock offsets. The Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) is derived for the considered problem and is used as a benchmark to analyze the performance of the proposed estimator.

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