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The paper introduces the notion of off-line justification for Answer Set Programming (ASP). Justifications provide a graph-based explanation of the truth value of an atom w.r.t. a given answer set. The paper extends also this notion to provide justification of atoms during the computation of an answer set (on-line justification), and presents an integration of on-line justifications within the computation model of Smodels. Off-line and on-line justifications provide useful tools to enhance understanding of ASP, and they offer a basic data structure to support methodologies and tools for debugging answer set programs. A preliminary implementation has been developed in ASP-PROLOG.
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