Learning Performance and Adaptive Hypermedia Learning Systems: Prior Knowledge Vs. Cognitive Styles
In the past decade, a number of adaptive hypermedia learning systems have been developed. However, most of the systems tailored presentation content and navigational support basing on prior knowledge or cognitive styles of students separately. There is a need to, however, explore how the two individual difference characteristics could be combined in adaptive hypermedia learning systems in order to maximize learning and comprehension of educational materials. To this end, the study presented in this paper developed two adaptive hypermedia learning systems, one tailored to students' prior knowledge while the other to their cognitive styles, with emphasis on Pask's Holist-Serialist dimension.