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Time synchronization is crucial to Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) due to the requirement of coordination between sensor nodes. Existing secure time synchronization protocols of WSNs introduce high overhead when used for global time synchronization. In this paper, the authors propose a lightweight secure global time synchronization protocol for WSNs. In the proposed protocol, a broadcast synchronization packet makes all sensor nodes in the network synchronize with the trusted source. The synchronization packet is protected by a proposed broadcast authentication algorithm, which introduces asymmetry by transmitting hash values of secret keys in advance.
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