LMEEC: Layered Multi-Hop Energy Efficient Cluster-Based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
In this paper, the authors propose LMEEC, a cluster-based routing protocol with low energy consumption for wireless sensor networks. Their protocol is based on a strategy which aims to provide a more reasonable exploitation of the selected nodes (cluster-heads) energy. Simulation results show the effectiveness of LMEEC in decreasing the energy consumption, and in prolonging the network lifetime, compared to LEACH. Recent advances in electronics and wireless communication technologies have enabled the development of miniature sensors at low cost. The small size of the sensors confines the embedded energy because they are alimented by non-rechargeable batteries, which are even not easily replaceable.