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Ad hoc networks consist of a set of homogeneous nodes (computers or embedded devices) that move in an independent fashion and communicate with the other node in the topology over a wireless channel. Such networks are logically realized as a set of clusters by grouping together. Nodes which are in close proximity with one another or through another wireless node. Clusters are formed by clubbing together nodes along the wireless links. Cluster Heads are the nodes which communicate with the other nodes that it can cover under its communication range.
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