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Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) damages the orthogonality between sub-carriers and thus causes multiuser interference in uplink OFDMA/SC-FDMA systems. For a given CFO, such multiuser interference is mainly dictated by channel (sub-carrier) allocation, which also specifies the diversity gain of one user over multi-path channels. In particular, the positions of one user's sub-channels will determine its diversity gain, while the distances between sub-channels of the concerned user and those of others will govern the CFO interference. Two popular channel allocation methods are the localized and interleaved (distributed) schemes where the former has less CFO interference but the latter achieves more diversity gain.
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