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Do adult children affect the care elderly parents provide each other? The authors develop two models in which the anticipated behavior of adult children provides incentives for elderly parents to increase care for their disabled spouses. The "Demonstration effect" postulates that adult children learn from a parent's example that family caregiving is appropriate behavior. The "Punishment effect" postulates that adult children may punish parents who fail to provide spousal care by not providing future care for the nondisabled spouse when necessary.
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