Long-term Fiscal Effects Of Public Pension Reform In Norway: A Generational Accounting Analysis
Generational Accounts (GAs) measure the fiscal sustainability of the public sector. The authors ask whether the contributions from the Government Pension Fund and remaining oil and gas wealth in the ground, together with the pension reform taking effect in 2011, are sufficiently large to secure generational balance in Norway. Their results show that the pension reform has a substantial effect, and contributes as much to the generational balance as the total petroleum wealth. Neither increased economic growth per se nor increased fertility contribute to improve the GAs. The structural characteristics of higher employment and lower transfer payments typical for cyclical upturns, improve the GAs substantially.