Low-Complexity Codes for Random and Clustered High-Order Failures in Storage Arrays

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Executive Summary

RC (Random/Clustered) codes are a new efficient array-code family for recovering from 4-erasures. RC codes correct most 4-erasures, and essentially all 4-erasures that are clustered. Clustered erasures are introduced as a new erasure model for storage arrays. This model draws its motivation from correlated device failures, that are caused by physical proximity of devices, or by age proximity of endurance-limited solid-state drives. The reliability of storage arrays that employ RC codes is analyzed and compared to known codes. The new RC code is significantly more efficient, in all practical implementation factors, than the best known 4-erasure correcting MDS code.

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