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In this paper the authors present low-complexity coded-modulation strategies for distributed relaying in 4G wireless networks. The primary goal of these strategies is to improve coverage on the uplink while retaining high spectral efficiency through multiuser spatial-multiplexing using two or more relays between the users and the base station. They contrast layer 2 techniques based on full decoding at relay stations and simple compression-based (quantization) techniques with QAM alphabets. Mutual-information and error-exponent analysis clearly show the benefits of distributed quantization both in the high and medium spectral efficiency regions.
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