Measured Statistics of Reciprocal Channel Key Generation of Indoor MIMO Channels

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There is growing interest in physical-layer security methods that exploit the random nature of the physical propagation channel to strengthen existing crypto-systems. In Reciprocal Channel Key Generation (RCKG), legitimate nodes (Alice and Bob) observe a common fluctuating channel to generate keys that are safe from the Eavesdropper (Eve). Previous work derived expressions for the available key bits and those safe from an eavesdropper for MIMO systems with correlated complex Gaussian statistics. This paper applies these expressions to new MIMO measurements in indoor LOS and NLOS environments, indicating how propagation effects limit secure key generation and what key generation rates can be expected in practice.