Mental Health In Childhood And Human Capital
Although mental disorders are common among children, we know little about their long term effects on child outcomes. This paper examines U.S. and Canadian children with symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), depression, conduct disorders, and other behavioral problems. The work offers a number of innovations. First they use large nationally representative samples of children from both countries. Second, they focus on "Screeners" that were administered to all children in the sample, rather than on diagnosed cases. Third, they address omitted variables bias by estimating sibling-fixed effects models. Fourth, they examine a range of outcomes. Fifth, they ask how the effects of mental health conditions are mediated by family income and maternal education.