Date Added: Nov 2012
Diffusion-based communication refers to the transfer of information using molecules as message carriers whose propagation is based on the law of molecular diffusion. Path loss can have a major impact on the link quality in molecular communication as the signal strength is shown inversely proportional to the cube of the communication distance. In this paper, various diversity techniques for Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) transmissions based on molecular diffusion are proposed to improve the communication performance in nano-networks in the presence of Multi-User Interference (MUI). Analogous to radio communication, the concept of diversity and Spatial Multiplexing (SM) can be successfully applied in molecular communication.