Mobile Sinks for Information Retrieval From Cluster-Based WSN Islands

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Executive Summary

Mobile Sinks (MS) mounted upon urban vehicles with fixed trajectories (e.g. buses) provide the ideal infrastructure to effectively retrieve sensory data from isolated Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) fields. Existing approaches involve either single-hop transfer of data from sensors that lie within the MS's range or heavy involvement of network periphery nodes in data retrieval, processing, buffering and delivering tasks. These nodes run the risk of rapid energy exhaustion resulting in loss of network connectivity. Their proposed protocol aims at minimizing the overall network overhead and energy expenditure associated with the multi-hop data retrieval process while also ensuring balanced energy consumption among network nodes and prolonged network lifetime.

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