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The recent research in cluster-based MAC and routing schemes for Vehicle Ad Hoc NETworks (VANETs) motivates the necessity for a stable VANET clustering algorithm. Due to the highly mobile nature of VANETs, mobility must play an integral role in cluster formation. The authors present a novel, mobility-based clustering scheme for Vehicle Ad hoc Networks, which utilizes the Affinity Propagation algorithm in a distributed manner. The proposed algorithm considers typical vehicular mobility during cluster formation to garner clusters with high stability.
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