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Recent work in mobile ad hoc networks, simply MANETs, has drawn attention to the mobility capability of each node. It is proved that the optimal positions of the relay nodes along a single active flow must lie entirely on the line between the source and destination with each node spaced evenly along such a line. Based on this, the authors propose two distributed schemes to control the relay nodes in MANETs to approach their optimal positions in the local relative coordinate system, one using one-hop neighborhood and the other using two-hop neighborhood.
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