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Mobile Internet Protocol (MIP) was introduced in Internet Protocol version 4(IPv4) and became an inbuilt part of the next generation network protocol-Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6). Mobility protocols can be localized or global depending on the domain of the network. When global mobility protocols are used in managing localized mobility requirements, they result in slow handovers and delays that result in loss of packets and make these protocols unsuitable for time sensitive applications. Localized mobility management protocols have been proposed to resolve this issue. Some of these localized protocols are more attractive as they keep mobility restricted to the network only as opposed to those protocols that involve hosts in the mobility management.
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