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The authors propose "Mode switch", an adaptive load-sensitive solution that supports both an energy-efficient operation mode for transmitting normal sensor data and an QoS-aware low-latency mode for high priority emergency messages. Typically, sensor networks are considered to operate efficiently w.r.t. energy consumption. A good example is the IEEE 802.15.4 protocol, which has mainly been designed for this purpose. The standard IEEE 802.15.4 beacon-enabled cluster-tree topology supports energy-efficient operation for low-rate data transmissions. However, in the case of detected alarms, high-priority emergency messages need to be transmitted with low-latency and guaranteed delivery.
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