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Monetary Policy And The Housing Market: A Structural Factor Analysis

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Executive Summary

This paper estimates a Structural Dynamic Factor Model on a panel of 102 US quarterly series. The authors model economic comovements by means of five underlying structural shocks (oil price, productivity, aggregate demand, monetary policy, and housing demand). The results of the benchmark model (impulse responses and variance decomposition) are in line with those predicted by economic theory and estimated in the empirical literature. They show that after the reforms to the housing finance sector starting in the early 1980s, housing demand shocks account for a slightly higher portion of model variability, while the role of monetary policy in determining residential investment fluctuations is slightly decreased.

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