Date Added: Jan 2012
Face recognition provides many advantages compared with other available biometrics, but it is particularly subject to spoofing. The most accurate methods in literature addressing this problem, rely on the estimation of the three-dimensionality of faces, which heavily increase the whole cost of the system. This paper proposes an effective and efficient solution to problem of face spoofing. Starting from a set of automatically located facial points, the authors exploit geometric invariants for detecting replay attacks. The presented results demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed indices.