Multi-Channel Data Communication Through Thick Metallic Barriers
This paper explores the use of multiple communication channels to transmit data at high rates, without physical penetrations, through thick metallic barriers using ultrasound. Two parallel acoustic-electric channels are formed in close proximity utilizing two pairs of coaxially aligned piezoelectric transducers mounted on, and acoustically coupled to, opposing sides of a metal wall. Each channel employs Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) which can achieve a high spectral efficiency in frequency selective channels. The two-transmitter-two-receiver MIMO configuration is studied and analytical expressions of channel capacity are determined for the raw channels as well as for several co-channel interference cancellation techniques and they are verified using a Monte-Carlo simulation.