Multiantenna Detection Under Noise Uncertainty and Primary User's Spatial Structure

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Executive Summary

Spectrum sensing is a challenging key component of the Cognitive Radio paradigm, since primary signals must be detected in the face of noise uncertainty and at Signal-to-Noise Ratios (SNRs) well below decodability levels. Multiantenna detectors exploit spatial independence of receiver thermal noise to boost detection performance and robustness. Here, the authors study the problem of detecting Gaussian signals with unknown rank-P spatial covariance matrix when the noise at the receiver is independent across the antennas and with unknown power. A generic diagonal noise covariance matrix is allowed to model calibration uncertainties in the different antenna frontends.

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