Multiple Constraints for Ant Based Multicast Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

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A Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is a kind of wireless ad hoc network and is a self-configuring network of mobile routers (and associated hosts) connected by wireless links-the union of which forms an arbitrary topology. The routers are free to move randomly and organize themselves arbitrarily; thus, the network's wireless topology may change rapidly and unpredictably. Such a network may operate in a standalone fashion, or may be connected to the larger Internet. Mobile ad hoc networks became a popular subject for research as laptops and 802.11/Wi-Fi wireless networking became widespread in the mid to late 1990s.