Multiple - Symbol Differential Decision Fusion for Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

The authors consider the problem of decision fusion in mobile wireless sensor networks where the channels between the sensors and the fusion center are time - variant. They assume that the sensors make independent local decisions on the M hypotheses under test and report these decisions to the fusion center using Differential Phase - Shift Keying (DPSK), so as to avoid the channel estimation overhead entailed by coherent decision fusion. For this setup they derive the optimal and three low - complexity, suboptimal fusion rules which do not require knowledge of the instantaneous fading gains. Since all these fusion rules exploit an observation window of at least two symbol intervals, they refer to them collectively as Multiple - Symbol Differential (MSD) fusion rules.

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