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Optimum detection for the multiuser code-division multiple-access channel is prohibitively complex. This paper considers new iterative multiuser detection algorithm based on the belief propagation algorithm. Previously, the idea to apply the belief propagation algorithm to multiuser detection problem was suggested, however, it was believed that to apply the belief propagation algorithm to the detection problem is impossible because it requires an exponentially large amount of computation. It was the only fact that the parallel interference canceller is derived as an approximation of the belief propagation.
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