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The minimization of energy as well as the elongation of the network life time cycle represent an important challenge for the conception of the wireless sensors networks routing protocols that are characterized by a dense deployment of knots because these later are characterized by limited capacity of batteries. Besides, to recharge batteries in sensor's network is impossible. For thus, in this paper, the authors have created a new generic algorithm allowing to offer the best deployment and routing of the network by the determination of the optimal way between the source node and the destination node justified on the following criteria together: a minimal energy consumption and a long life cycle.
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