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One important way in which sampling for approximate query processing in a database environment differs from traditional applications of sampling is that in a database, it is feasible to collect accurate summary statistics from the data in addition to the sample. This paper describes a set of sampling-based estimators for approximate query processing that make use of simple summary statistics to greatly increase the accuracy of sampling-based estimators. The authors' estimators are able to give tight probabilistic guarantees on estimation accuracy. They are suitable for low or high dimensional data, and work with categorical or numerical attributes.
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