Node Control and a Charging and Accounting Approach to Ad-Hoc Networks
Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) are networks of mobile nodes with a limited transmission range. Despite this, it is possible to perform long-distance data transmissions through other mobile nodes in the system since every mobile node is simultaneously both an end-user and a router in such networks. On the other hand, every mobile node has autonomy of action and has an interest in spending its resources (such as battery power) for foreign data forwarding. To provide an incentive for mobile nodes to cooperate, a charging and accounting scheme must be employed.