Date Added: Aug 2011
MPI communicators abstract communication operations across application modules, facilitating seamless composition of different libraries. In addition, communicators provide the ability to form groups of processes and establish multiple levels of parallelism. Traditionally, communicators have been collectively created in the context of the parent communicator. The recent thrust toward systems at petascale and beyond has brought forth new application use cases, including fault tolerance and load balancing, that highlight the ability to construct an MPI communicator in the context of its new process group as a key capability.