Date Added: Jun 2010
Discrimination may be direct or indirect and does not have to be intentional. Practices which appear neutral but result in the unequal treatment of people with certain characteristics are called indirect discrimination. For example, indirect discrimination may arise if part-time workers are targeted for retrenchment, where women are more likely to be concentrated in this category than men. Discrimination may also include harassment and bullying. Workers should be treated equally in relation to working conditions (e.g. working hours, security of tenure, leave, safety and health measures, social security and other benefits) and pay (including additional payments such as overtime, bonuses, allowances and in kind benefits).