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Oil Prices And Bank Profitability: Evidence From Major Oil-Exporting Countries In The Middle East And North Africa

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Executive Summary

This paper analyzes the relationship between oil price shocks and bank profitability. Using data on 145 banks in 11 oil-exporting MENA countries for 1994 - 2008, the author tests hypotheses of direct and indirect effects of oil price shocks on bank profitability. The results indicate that oil price shocks have indirect effect on bank profitability, channeled through country-specific macroeconomic and institutional variables, while the direct effect is insignificant. Investment banks appear to be the most affected ones compared to Islamic and commercial banks.

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