On Achievable Rates of the Two-User Symmetric Gaussian Interference Channel
The authors study the Han-Kobayashi (HK) achievable sum rate for the two-user symmetric Gaussian interference channel. They find the optimal power split ratio between the common and private messages (assuming no time-sharing), and derive a closed form expression for the corresponding sum rate. This provides a finer understanding of the achievable HK sum rate, and allows for precise comparisons between this sum rate and that of orthogonal signaling. One surprising finding is that despite the fact that the channel is symmetric, allowing for asymmetric power split ratio at both users (i.e., asymmetric rates) can improve the sum rate significantly. Considering the high SNR regime, they specify the interference channel value above which the sum rate achieved using asymmetric power splitting outperforms the symmetric case.