On Map Matching of Wireless Positioning Data: A Selective Look-Ahead Approach
Wireless Positioning Systems (WPS) are popular alternative localization methods, especially in dense urban areas where GPS has known limitations. Map-Matching (MM) has been used as an approach to improve the accuracy of the estimated locations of WiFi Access Points (APs), and thus the accuracy of a wireless positioning system. Large-scale wireless positioning differs from satellite based positioning in at least two aspects: First, wireless positioning systems typically derive the location estimates based on war-driving Access Point (AP) data. Second, the locations of the AP beacons are not generally known at the same precision as that of the satellite locations.