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Load Balancing is typically used in cellular wireless networks in the frequency domain to balance paging, access, and traffic load across the available bandwidth. In this paper, the authors extend the concept of Load Balancing to the Spatial domain. They develop two approaches - Network Load Balancing and Single-Carrier MultiLink - for Spatial Load Balancing. While these techniques are applicable to both cellular wireless networks and WiFi networks they illustrate them on EV-DO (a 3G cellular data network). Both these methods apply when the device has more than one candidate server and determine the server(s) using not only the channel quality from the server to the device but also the current load on each server.
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