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The sensors can be grouped into clusters and the mini sensors use a high energy to communicate with each other. Every cluster is equipped with a source node which acts as the central gateway for that cluster. In this paper, the authors treat the communication among the smart nodes in the ad hoc mode where they propose to minimize the energy conservation of the nodes by increasing the cooperativeness. Directional antenna doesn't overhear the nodes outside its own arc of coverage and allows simultaneous communication without interference.
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