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On The Distributive Effects Of Terms Of Trade Shocks: The Role Of Non-tradable Goods

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Executive Summary

The authors introduce non-tradable goods to the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson (HOS) model to study the distributive effects of terms of trade shocks. They show that the employment of resources in activities producing exclusively for the local market induces a crucial association between domestic spending and factor demand and prices, which is absent in the usual HOS framework. Specifically, in a two-sector economy (producing only exportable and non-tradable goods) there are no redistributive effects of external terms of trade shifts - i.e. no Stolper-Samuelson-type of effect.

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