On the Feasibility of Using 802.11p for Communication of Electronic Toll Collection Systems
In an 802.11p (so-called DSRC) network, the WSMP protocol is used for the communication between OBU and RSU. Unlike a wired network, an 802.11p wireless network is prone to fading, shadowing and interferences, which might result in high error rates. However, there is no reliability mechanism embedded in the WSMP protocol, which can become an important issue for mission-critical ITS applications such as ETC (Electronic Toll Collection). In this paper, the authors develop a protocol on top of WSMP to build a reliable session for the message exchanges between RSU and OBU. The protocol uses a timer-based mechanism for the message retransmission in the case of message losses.