Date Added: May 2010
Next-generation wireless networks such as LTE and WiMax can achieve throughputs of several Mbps with TCP. These higher throughputs, however, can easily be destroyed by frequent handoffs, which occur in urban environments due to shadowing. A primary reason for the throughput drop during handoffs is the out of order arrival of packets at the receiver. As a result, in this paper, the authors model the precise effect of packet-reordering on the goodput of TCP NewReno. Specifically, they develop a TCP NewReno model that captures the goodput of TCP as a function of round-trip time, average time duration between packet-reorder events, average number of packets reordered during every reorder event, and the congestion window threshold of TCP NewReno.