Online Computation of Sparse Representations of Time Varying Stimuli Using a Biologically Motivated Neural Network

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Natural stimuli are highly redundant, possessing significant spatial and temporal correlations. While sparse coding has been proposed as an efficient strategy employed by neural systems to encode sensory stimuli, the underlying mechanisms are still not well understood. Most previous approaches model the neural dynamics by the sparse representation dictionary itself and compute the representation coefficients offline. In reality, faced with the challenge of constantly changing stimuli, neurons must compute the sparse representations dynamically in an online fashion. Here, the authors describe a Leaky Linearized Bregman Iteration (LLBI) algorithm which computes the time varying sparse representations using a biologically motivated network of leaky rectifying neurons.