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How to exchange information between parties in a mega-scale disaster management system is one of the fundamental challenges to support timely and efficient disaster response and relief. Specifically, the timeliness, scalability, and availability are three desirable features for information exchange. The authors call the framework to support information exchange with the three features an open information gateway, OIGY in short. In this paper, they present the challenges of information gateway, and the design of the communication protocols and the fundamental components and algorithms to support the aforementioned features.
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