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A cost-effective spectrum sharing architecture is proposed to enable the legacy non-cognitive secondary system to coexist with the primary system. Specifically, the authors suggest installing a few intermediate nodes, namely, the cognitive relays, to conduct the spectrum sensing and coordinate the spectrum access. To achieve the goal of win-win between primary and secondary systems, the cognitive relay may act as a cooperator for both of them, and an Opportunistic Cognitive Relaying (OCR) scheme is specially devised. In this scheme, the cognitive relay opportunistically switches among three different working modes, that is, Relay for Primary Link (RPL), Relay for Secondary Link (RSL), or Relay for Neither of the Links (RNL), respectively, based on the channel-dependent observation of both systems.
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