Optimal and Efficient Adaptation in Distributed Real-Time Systems with Discrete Rates
Many distributed real-time systems face the challenge of dynamically maximizing system utility and meeting stringent resource constraints in response to fluctuations in system workload. Thus, online adaptation must be adopted in face of workload changes in such systems. The authors present the Multi-Parametric Rate Adaptation (MPRA) algorithm for discrete rate adaptation in distributed real-time systems with end-to-end tasks. The key novelty and advantage of MPRA is that it can efficiently produce optimal solutions in response to workload variations caused by dynamic task arrivals and departures. Through offline preprocessing MPRA transforms an NP-hard utility optimization problem to the evaluation of a piecewise linear function of the CPU utilization. At run time MPRA produces optimal solutions by evaluating the function based on the CPU utilization.