Optimal Coordination of Directional Overcurrent Relays Using Particle Swarm Optimization Technique

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Executive Summary

The main function of the protective devices in the power system is to detect and remove the selected faulty parts as fast as possible. Directional over current relays are commonly used for the protection of interconnected sub transmission systems, distribution systems, or as a secondary protection of transmission systems. For the systems having more than one source connected, that is meshed or looped networks, directional over current relays become the suitable choice for better selectivity, since directional relays operate only when the fault current flows in the specific tripping direction desired.

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