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Optimal Monetary And Fiscal Policies In A Search-theoretic Model Of Money And Unemployment

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Executive Summary

In this paper the authors study the optimal monetary and fiscal policies of a general equilibrium model of unemployment and money with search frictions both in labor and goods markets as in Berentsen, Menzio and Wright (2010). They abstract from revenue-raising motives to focus on the welfare-enhancing properties of optimal policies. They show that some of the inefficiencies in the Berentsen, Menzio and Wright (2010) framework can be restored with appropriate fiscal policies. In particular, when lump sum monetary transfers are possible, a production subsidy financed by money printing can increase output in the decentralized market and a vacancy subsidy financed by a dividend tax even when the Hosios' rule does not hold.

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