Optimal Power Policy for Energy Harvesting Transmitters With Inefficient Energy Storage
An energy harvesting transmitter with an inefficient energy storage device, i.e., battery or capacitor, is considered, where a fraction of the stored energy is lost in the process. An optimal transmission policy maximizing the average rate within a finite time horizon is found for a given energy harvesting scenario. In contrast to previous results for optimal power allocations with energy harvesting transmitters, it is observed that storage losses encourage instantaneous consumption of harvested energy without storage for moderate harvest rates. It is also shown that this policy converges to the known constant power transmission policies when storage efficiency goes to unity.